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American Cartography

Map making dates back to 1000 B.C., with ancient Babylonian clay tablets that “depict the earth as a flat circular disk” (http://math.rice.edu/~lanius/pres/map/maphis.html). As technology and scientific knowledge improved throughout thousands of years, the quality and accuracy of maps also improved. In staying with the theme of the Unites States in my blog, I will explore … Continue reading American Cartography

Gandhi’s Critique of Western Civilization

  Before I begin, I think it is necessary to define a few key terms related to civilization. First, civilization itself is the structure of human life in which people fill specific roles and are aware of their connections to each other (community). In addition, civilization is a social construction that combines humans and culture. … Continue reading Gandhi’s Critique of Western Civilization

A Comparison: Frederick Douglass and Oroonoko

  Oroonoko by Aphra Behn is a fictional, yet historical 17th century novel that represents the life of an African prince turned slave in South America. Behn portrays Oroonoko as powerful African royalty with physical beauty and charisma. He commands the respect of those around him, is well-educated and multilingual, and is a man of … Continue reading A Comparison: Frederick Douglass and Oroonoko

“The White Man’s Burden:” US Imperialism Through a British Lens

In 1899, British poet and author Rudyard Kipling wrote the poem “The White Man’s Burden.” In his work, Kipling urged the United States to take up the “‘burden’ of empire, as had Britain and other European nations” and colonize the Philippines (“Kipling’s Hymn”).  The British initiated its imperial goals in the 16th century and acquired … Continue reading “The White Man’s Burden:” US Imperialism Through a British Lens

Claims Regarding the Intent of Photography

Martin Chambi was Peruvian photographer, most notably one of the first famous indigenous Peruvian photographers who gained prominence in 1917 and continued to work until the 1970s (martinchambi.org). He photographed many native Peruvians and Peruvian landmarks, especially Machu Picchu. In response to a Humanities lecture given at UCI by Professor O’Toole on January 25, I … Continue reading Claims Regarding the Intent of Photography

The Spanish Mission System in California

A firm belief of the Spanish conquers was that people, specifically indigenous people, must practice Christianity and possess rationality to be able to rule themselves. Since Native Americans had never been exposed to Catholicism, they could not rule themselves. Therefore, Spanish missionaries sought to teach the natives the ways of God. Spain’s national religion is … Continue reading The Spanish Mission System in California